Ebola Virus ,How The Virus Spreads – Everything You Need To Know – Dr. Nabil Ebraheim

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Dr. Ebraheim’s educational animated video describes the Ebola virus and how it is spread.

Ebola is a deadly disease caused by a virus. Ebola virus disease (EVD) or Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) is a severe, often fatal illness caused by the Ebola virus in humans. The Ebola virus is transmitted from animals to humans, then from humans to other humans. The disease is spreading in the West African region. The disease is spread quickly from person to person and is highly contagious. The Ebola virus kills in a short period of time, but can be prevented from spreading. The disease started in 1976 in Sudan and in Congo near the Ebola River; this is how the virus took its name. The mortality rate was 90%, now it is about 50%.
The Ebola virus affects people living near tropical rainforests. The infected people are usually quarantined and the people they have been in contact with should be tracked and observed for 21 days for signs and symptoms of the disease. The virus may be acquired upon contact with infected animals. For example, a fruit bat contaminated with the Ebola virus eats fruit, infecting the fruit with the virus. When the bat drops the fruit to the ground, it will be eaten by other animals who will then become infected with Ebola. The fruit bat is considered to be the primary carrier of this disease, although it does not become infected. Ebola also affects chimpanzees, monkeys, gorillas, and porcupines. The virus can be transmitted through the organs or the bodily fluids of the infected animals, especially monkeys and bats. Eating bush meat of the infected animals is a problem. It can be passed on through ingesting the meat of infected animals (bush meat) such as bats and monkeys. In these tropical areas some people have become accustomed to eating monkey meat. People buy the meat and eat it without knowing if it is infected with the Ebola virus. The Ebola virus passes to humans through direct contact with bodily fluids, such as sweat, saliva, blood, secretions, vomit, stool, or urine. The virus passes from human to human through broken skin, wounds, mucous membranes, blood, or a contaminated environment or equipment. Ebola can be contracted from an infected person even after death. In some cultures, mourners may come in direct contact with the virus during the bathing of the body of the deceased. Men who recover from the disease can transmit the virus through their semen for up to seven weeks. The Ebola virus is not transmitted through air. It is not an airborne virus! Ebola is not contagious until the person begins to show symptoms. Healthcare workers are at risk of coming into direct contact with the disease. They may not know the patient is infected with the virus and it is advisable to use biohazard suits and wash as well as use disinfectant on the hands, instruments, and equipment.
With the loss of faith in medicine and hospitals, sick patients could believe their disease may not be cured in a hospital and resort to a traditional healer. This may spread the disease further within the community. Educational, behavioral, and cultural changes are needed to stop the spread of Ebola. It is easier to control the spread of the disease within the rainforests and isolated areas. It is harder to control the disease in densely populated areas. Adequate quarantine and containment may be difficult.
The incubation period is usually 2-21 days. This is the time period from getting the infection to becoming symptomatic. There are no early warning signs to identify the disease. Any person who has had direct contact with an infected patient should be followed for three weeks. Initially, the disease is flu-like. People are suspected of infection if they have a fever, diarrhea, and a travel history to a suspicious region. Laser thermal scanners are used at the point of entry at the airports to detect febrile illness (fever). This screening tool may yield a high false positive result. Because a person may not show symptoms of the disease for several weeks, they may travel thinking they are healthy and then accidentally spread the disease.

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Comments

CHIN SHAR MAENE Moe says:

Thank you so much for the information

shaista nabee says:

It is still 90 percent for th zaire strain other strains of the virus are bundibogiyo zaire reston Sudan an taiforest

vibrio cholerae says:

Your voice is imazing

lewis walker says:

Is there a cure for the disease?

ahmed taha says:

Thank you for your impressive work

Daniel P. Courvoisier says:

 that's a very informative and educative video. Very well done. Thank you very much, Dr. Ebrahim. So the virus needs to go into the blood stream to become active. 

Fladydoc says:

Thanks for video.  Any thoughts on how the NBC cameraman caught Ebola if it is not airborne?  

Jackie Hansen says:

thank you for the info

Cartoon News says:

Cartoon breakdown of Ebola

floresdias says:

Good Video! I also would like to know something else! After infecton,a survivor may continue  with the virus  inside?  Do The survivor continue trasmiting the viruses to others?

H. Troubetzkoy says:

Ebola can also be transmitted through semen and through breastmilk.(Some communities have a no sex aspect of quarintine)

So far I have seen nothing about airborne transmission being confirmed.
With fruit bats dropping fruit or urine or feces on surfaces this would be a form of areal bombardment of ebola contaminated bodily fluids.

Iberius Pred says:

There is evidence of incidents where the Ebola virus actually transmits through the air or what in other words is known as "droplet transmission". That's why a lot of people in Africa get contaminated in spite of "taken precautions".

The fatality rate of the Ebola virus varies between 50% and 90% depending on how it mutates. The time between contraction and appearance of symptoms varies between 2 and 21 days.

This is a very dangerous disease and I find this video taking it too lightly. The statement that the virus does not transmit through air is an outright lie.

Mohamed Fakhry says:

Very informative.thanks

Molly Ebraheim says:

good video!!

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